The cult of the Persian God Mithras (a sun-god), which was established in Rome by NT times, and it had certain beliefs and rites which resembled those of the Christians: after Mithras had overcome and sacrificed a bull, he ascended into heaven; bread, water, and wine were used by initiates in the rituals; and there was a ministry of priests. Several German scholars in the early decades of the 20th cent. argued for an influence of Mithraism on the development of sacramental Christianity. The Mithraic festival of the Natalis Solis Invicti on 25 December was taken over as Christmas Day by the Church in the 4th cent.

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  • Mithraism — • A pagan religion consisting mainly of the cult of the ancient Indo Iranian Sun god Mithra Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Mithraism     Mithraism      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • mithraism — MITHRAÍSM s.n. Religie antică bazată pe cultul zeului persan al luminii şi adevărului. – var. (după alte surse) mitraism. – Din engl. Mithraism. Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  mithraísm s. n. (sil. thra ) [th pron. t] Trimis… …   Dicționar Român

  • Mithraism — prop. n. The ancient Persian religion which worshiped Mithra; it was popular among Romans during first three centuries a. d. Syn: Mithraicism. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Mithraism — [mith′rā iz΄əm, mith′rəiz΄əm] n. the ancient Persian religion based on worship of Mithras Mithraist n., adj. Mithraistic adj …   English World dictionary

  • Mithraism — Mithraic /mith ray ik/, Mithraistic, adj. Mithraist, n. /mith reuh iz euhm/, n. an ancient Persian religion in which Mithras was worshiped, involving secret rituals to which only men were admitted: a major competitor of Christianity in the Roman… …   Universalium

  • Mithraism — noun see Mithraic …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Mithraism — noun An astrology centric, middle platonic mystery cult of the 1st 4th century Roman Empire that claimed to have been founded by Zoroaster …   Wiktionary

  • MITHRAISM —    an ancient Iranian RELIGION worshiping the GOD MITHRA which became popular as a MYSTERY RELIGION in the Roman Empire, especially among soldiers. The THEOLOGY appears to have been a complex FORM of DUALISM …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Mithraism — n. cult of the god Mithras …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Mithraism — [ mɪθrəˌɪz(ə)m, mɪθreɪ ] noun the cult of the ancient Persian god Mithras, worshipped in the first three centuries AD. Derivatives Mithraic θreɪɪk adjective Mithraist noun …   English new terms dictionary

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